However, on the way back, the girls chase the boys and are entitled to whip them if they can as a way of "vengeance." [Source: China.org china.org *|*], “The Kazakh people usually practiced monogamy, but in the old society, polygamy was quite common among the feudal lords and tribal chiefs, in accordance with their Islamic faith. A Kazakh proverb goes: "Aken cannot live to be a thousand years old, but his songs can be spread for a thousand years." The Chinese regard them as descendants of Wusun people and Turkic people in ancient times that were among the descendants of the Qidan (Khitan) people that migrated to western China in the 12th century. Kazakhs in China: | Kazakhs, called Hāsàkè Zú in Chinese (哈萨克族; literally "Kazakh people" or "Kazakh tribe") ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. [Source: Chinatravel.com chinatravel.com \=/]. In accordance with Kazakh traditions, after a partial payment of the brideprice was paid, the young man was allowed to meet with the bride in secret. [Source: China.org china.org *|*], Kazakhs have a rich literary heritage. At the time of our study, it had a population of nearly 2.8 million people with a population density of less than 2 people per square km. After the mid-19th century, owing to aggression by the Tsar, the Middle and Little hordes and the western branch of the Great Horde were cut off from China. As they went eastward to escape the rule of the Ozbek Khanate, they were named "Kazak," meaning "refugees" or "runaways." Herdsmen with close blood relations formed an "Awul" (a nomadic clan). Econ om ic growth will revitalize stagn an t in d u stries, p rovid in g n ew op p or- tu n ities an d job d iversifi cation to th e p op u lation . During memorial services Kazakhs recite Muslim prayers and feast on lamb and horse. Such ruthless exploitation made the head of animals drop drastically and Kazakh stock breeding virtually struggled on the brink of bankruptcy on the eve of liberation. Their religious burdens used to be heavy. In the early 13th century, under Genghis Khan, the Mongols created a vertical script based on the Uyghur script, which was also adopted by many Turkic-speaking peoples and is related to the alphabets of Western Asia. Kazakh population in China: 0.1097 percent of the total population; 1,462,588 in 2010 according to the 2010 Chinese census; 1,251,023 in 2000 according to the 2000 Chinese census; 1,111,718 in 1990 according to the 1990 Chinese census. The tradeoffs of China's investment in Kazakhstan require Kazakhs — most of whom are Muslim — to reckon with the persecution of Muslim minorities just across their border. Their marriage and wedding customs have traditionally been in accord with by Islamic law and custom. ~, According to the Marxist view of the Chinese government: “The Kazakhs have accumulated much experience in stock raising over a long period of history. *|*, Kazakhs are fond of music and are good at singing and dancing. • “Promote repentance and confession.” The boys and girls ride their horses to an appointed place; the boys can “flirt with” the girls on the way. Kazakhs and good at singing and dancing. The Kazakhs resisted attempts to by the Communists to make them live on sheep-raising communes. Muslims across the border are also caught in the crackdown. They also consume yogurt, milk dough, milk skin, cheese, butter and fermented horse’s milk. Meanwhile, two ethnic-Kazakhs from China also received asylum-seeker status in the Central Asian state late last year. Many Kazakhs like to drink alcohol. 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