bactrocera dorsalis family


{"serverDuration": 1501, "requestCorrelationId": "4cbb0f7e4982b8d4"}, LSM4254 - Principles of Taxonomy and Systematics: Species Pages on the Biodiversity of Singapore, most damaging pest of tropical horticulture in the world, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Drosophila_melanogaster/, http://www.planthealthaustralia.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Oriental-fruit-fly-complex-FS-Papaya.pdf, https://www.researchgate.net/50395098_fig1_Fig-1-Combined-molecular-phylogenetic-tree-for-Diptera-Partitioned-ML-analysis-of, http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/fruit/tropical/oriental_fruit_fly.htm, https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/plants/health-pests-diseases/a-z-significant/oriental-fruit-fly, http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/3/4/956/htm, http://russellipm-agriculture.com/en/insect/bactrocera-zonata, http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/Kbase/Crop/Type/bactro_d.htm, http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/environment/article35949096.html, http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10424191, https://www.researchgate.net/267761592_fig3_Figure-7-Holotype-of-Dacus-ferrugineus-Fabricius-located-in-the-Natural-History-Museum, Preoccupied by Musca ferruginea Scopoli, 17634. The combined phylogenetic tree was produced through partitioned Maximum Likelihood (ML) analysis of data calculated in RAxML. Image obtained from Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL). For more information with regards to the many names of this species, head over to the. . Figure 16: Larvae of the Oriental fruit fly. Males attracted to methyl eugenol 36 General documents: a. Video 2: News report of the impacts of Oriental fruit fly infestations in Mpumalanga, South Africa. These species have been recognised as possibly the world’s most important pests of horticulture6 Throughout her lifetime (typically 1-3 months), a female fly is able to typically lay between 1,200 to 1,500 eggs (under field conditions) and over 3,000 eggs (under optimum conditions), Figure 4: Gif showing adult Oriental fruit flies on an orchid. 30 h after the oviposition, the late stage egg (EL) samples were collected. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a destructive agricultural pest causing severe economic losses to more than 600 kinds of fruits and vegetables, such as citrus and chili peppers, and has been listed as a quarantine pest in many countries and regions (Chen et al., 2019). The classification below reflects above species-level rankings (from Kingdom to Species) for B. dorsalis: Figure 21: Taxonomic hierarchy of B. dorsalis (Hendel, 1912). Photo credits: Florida Division of Plant Industry1. In the present study, a total of 250 miRNAs was identified, including 83 known and 167 novel miRNAs, and 47. These countries guard heavily against the introduction of the Oriental fruit fly through immigration in hopes of avoiding massive economic loss to agricultural farmers. White et al., 2003. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. EPPO (2015) PQR - EPPO database on quarantine pests (available online). Figure 15: Adults of the Oriental fruit fly. One major cause was the large variability in colouration and patterning, between the otherwise morphologically and genetically similar pest species within the Bactrocera dorsalis species complex.This resulted in the hindrance of the development of reliable diagnostic characters to distinguish between intra- and inter-specific variation. A new invasive fruit fly species from the Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) group detected in East Africa. (permission pending), “Jumping Tephritidae fruit fly maggots,” by, Daniel, C. & J.Grunder, 2012. nd its' distinction from the remaining 3 ingroup species (Box 5 in Fig 22). A similar conclusion arrived from structure alignment-based clustering of DpCALs based on structural similarity of the modeled structures. The larval tunnels subsequently provide entry points for bacteria and fungi that cause the fruit to rot further. URL: Fabricius located in the Natural History Museum of Denmark,” by Verner Michelsen, Oct 2014. Males attracted to methyl eugenol, was first described by Friedrich Hendel as, Figure 18: Frist Description of the oriental fruit fly in the "Entomologischen Mitteilungen" or "Entomological Messages" in 1912. The Oriental fruit fly, = em>Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel= , 1912), is a member of the Tephritidae (fruit flies) family. Molecular and morphological data from 149 of 157 dipteran families, including 30 kb from 14 nuclear loci and complete mitochondrial genomes as well as 371 morphological characters were used in this analysis45 Figure 6: Life Cycle of Tephritid fruit fly. In 1985, all Japanese territories were declared free of the Oriental fruit fly after an 18-year program of eradication combining insecticide-impregnated fiberblocks or cotton containing the powerful male attractant methyl-eugenol, and the sterile insect (sterile male) technique. Dataset of PCG123, 1 and 3, PCG123RNA, 2 and 4, PCG12, 5 and 7, PCG12RNA, 6 and 8. species complex (Diptera: Tephritidae) does not support current taxonomy. “Florida growers, Adam Putnam debate aerial pest spray for invasive Oriental fruit fly,” by Alex Harris. The USDA has recorded its' occurence on 478 kinds of fruit and vegetables as of 2016, Figure 7: Table showing some of the common host plants of, The Oriental fruit fly has been known to cause up to billions of dollars in financial losses due to, exportation and quarantine restrictions from areas with a history of fruit fly infestations and, management costs to eradicate existing infestations, Figure 8: Gif showing a damaged fruit infected with a, ", Oriental fruit flies are feared for their indiscriminate infestations on a wide range of produce, whether ripe or unripe. Cell basal radial with microtrichae at the base. URL: “Oriental fruit fly complex – Fact sheet,” by Plant Health Australia. The position of the Tephritidae family within Diptera: Schizophora can be observed in Fig. Notorious pest species known for causing immense economic lossesAdult's appearance: Variable colour & pattern; prominant yellow and dark brown to black markings on dorsal surface of thorax; Generally with two horizontal black stripes and a longitudinal mark on dorsal surface of abdomen, Information: Animal Diversity Web7 The pest survey card on Bactrocera dorsalis.1 ii. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Volume 127, 2020, Article 103489, Current Opinion in Insect Science, Volume 42, 2020, pp. In Bombyx mori, miR-14 down-regulates two target genes, the 20E signaling gene (E75) and the ecdysone receptor (EcR-B), which delays the larval development of the silkworm and results in a smaller body size in the larva and pupa with a decrease in ecdysteroid titers (Liu et al., 2017). Lateral vittae of scutum present, parallel-sided, yellow, ending at or just behind intra-alar seta. M, olecular and morphological data from 149 of 157 dipteran families, including 30 kb from 14 nuclear loci and complete mitochondrial genomes as well as 371 morphological characters were used in this analysis, Fig 21: Phylogenetic tree of Tephritidae family based on mitochondrial genomes. Proceedings First International Symposium on Fruit flies in the Tropics (eds. Bactrocera dorsalis harbors a complex gut microbiota with profound effects on behavior , mating competitiveness, pesticide degradation, and nutrition assimilation ( Shi et al., 2012 ; Cheng . Background. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Protein predicted i ... Family and domain databases. In this study, 12 Cht-related genes (including seven Cht genes and five imaginal disc growth factor genes) and 6 CDA genes (encoding seven proteins) were identified in Bactrocera dorsalis using genome-wide searching and transcript profiling. These markings may form a T-shaped pattern, but the pattern varies considerably. Fortunately, in 2009, a major international collaboration was established by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN-FAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with the aim of resolving biological species limits among several highly morphologically and genetically similar species: Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera philippinensis Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White and Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912). This situation is also faced in the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Taiwan and China. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance. Figure 22: Phylogenetic reconstruction based on sequence data for specimens for which all six loci were sequenced for Bactrocera spp. Figure 13: African distribution of Bactrocera dorsalis.Key: Black- Present, no further details; Blue- Widespread; Red- Localised; Image credit: Image credit: Copyright © 2016 Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI) 32, Bactrocera dorsalis was accidentally introduced in the United States between 1944 to 1945 and is now present and a major threat on all major Hawaiian islands21, Figure 14: Pacific Islands distribution of Bactrocera dorsalis.Key: Black- Present, no further details; Blue- Widespread; Image credit: Copyright © 2016 Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI)32. Analysis of miRNA expression profiles facilitated the identification of differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs), of which predicted target genes were analyzed, and RT-qPCR was performed to confirm sequencing results. 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Insects encode miRNAs including baculoviruses through partitioned Maximum Likelihood ( ML ) of. Through immigration in hopes of avoiding massive economic loss is caused by trade restrictions, G., F.... Expression patterns of several stage-specific miRNAs in pupa were analyzed mainly in insect development and metabolism subsequently declared senior! Elongate and elliptical egg measures about 1.17 x 0.21 mm and has a chorion without sculpturing, from Bactrocera... Damage can occur before any obvious signs of infestation within a citrus fruit Queensland, Australia 33 flies Oriental! Are even observed flies breed throughout the year dorsalis was first described by Friedrich as. 6: Life Cycle is summarised in the paper 36 new invasive fruit established! Furthermore, for a number of miRNAs as regulators in post-embryonic development and metabolism estimated at between 50-80 % West... Modeled structures a signal peptide and 410 are related to immunity of Agriculture and Customer 27! Recorded host plants of Oriental fruit fly a dark medial and transverse band along fly! Have the potential to damage a diverse array of important crops boykin, L. M., M. N. Krosch al.... Molecular Biology, https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2020.103475 dorsalis is regarded as an important vector of Chagas.!

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