cortés meeting montezuma


In our modern, seemingly borderless world, we have no choice but to interact with strangers, which started, effectively, with Cortés and Montezuma. It is true I have some things of gold, which my ancestors have left me; all that I have is at your service whenever you wish it. The two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other’s language, civilization, or cultural nuances. He took from a vase of flowers a chain made of shells ornamented with gold and joined by links of gold, and as he threw it over Cortes' head, he said, "This palace belongs to you, Malinche, and to your brethren. One answer to this question lies in the difference between the way Cortés and Montezuma communicated, based on their cultural tradition. The result? She’s published dozens of articles and book reviews spanning a wide range of topics, including health, relationships, psychology, science, and much more. Sign up for a free trial here. Painting by unknown artist of … Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Conquest: Cortes, Montezuma… Connected with the city is a wooden bridge ten paces wide, where the causeway is open to allow the water free ingress and egress, as it rises and falls; and also for the security of the city, as they can remove the long and wide beams of which the bridge is formed, and replace them whenever they wish; and there are many such bridges in different arts of the city, as your Highness will perceive hereafter from the particular account I shall give of it. On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. When Montezuma spoke, he chose to portray false humility. When we had passed the bridge, the Señor Moctezuma came out to receive us, attended by about two hundred nobles, all barefooted and dressed in livery, or a peculiar garb of fine cotton, richer than is usually worn; they came in two processions in close proximity to the houses on each side of the street, which is very wide and beautiful, and so straight that you can see from one end of it to the other, although it is two thirds of a league in length, having on both sides large and elegant houses and temples. Aware of this, Montezuma had already sent him a number of gifts to show his wealth and power. Encontre diversos livros escritos por After having presented these to me, he sat down on another piece of carpet they had placed for him near me, and being seated he discoursed as follows: "It is now a long time since, by means of written records, we learned from our ancestors that neither myself nor any of those who inhabit this region were descended from its original inhabitants, but from strangers who emigrated hither from a very distant land; and we have also learned that a prince, whose vassals they all were, conducted our people into these parts, and then returned to his native land. Compre online When Montezuma Met Cortés: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History, de Restall, Matthew na Amazon. They walked with him, stroking his hair, showing their esteem. The meeting took place on one of the causeways leading to the city, so Cortez must have been quite awed by the spectacle. If our society is to avoid failed interactions between strangers, we must learn to: Most importantly, we must learn not to blame the stranger when an encounter goes awry, but to look into how our own instincts might have played a part, as well. These people [Tlaxcalans], I know, have informed you that I possessed houses with walls of gold, and that my carpets and other things in common use were of the texture of gold and that I was a god, or made myself one, and many other such things. Yet we, as a society, are incompetent at making sense of the strangers we come across. Drawing on rare Drawing on rare During his march to the Aztec capital, Cortés gathers valuable allies among enemies of Montezuma 8 August 1519: Beginning of the march to Tenochtitlan Having skirmished their way along the coast, and met with Montezuma’s emissaries, Cortés and the conquistadors set out for Tenochtitlan from their settlement of Vera Cruz. Montezuma’s native language, Nahuatl, was a reverential mode of speech. Your email address will not be published. Moctezuma bade him welcome and our Cortés replied through Doña Marina, who he always had at his side, wishing him very good health. Montezuma later died in captivity. His aim is to reassess the process of simplification by which Cortés, in his letters to King Carlos I (also Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire), justified the permanent occupation of Mexico and gave it … The Meeting of Cortés and Montezuma Painted in the latter half of the seventeenth century in Mexico by unknown artists, the eight paintings in the Conquest of Mexico series depict the encounter of Spanish and Aztec cultures and On the 500th anniversary of Cortés’ meeting with Montezuma II, the conquistador deserves a reconsideration, not cancellation. Why we're all terrible at understanding the intentions of other people, How these misunderstandings can lead to tragic, fatal consequences, The 2 things you can do to better understand complete strangers. The houses you see are of stone and lime and earth. Cortés wrote his account of the famous meeting with Montezuma a year after it happened. We’ll cover how Cortés and Montezuma met, and look at how this meeting between two people of completely different backgrounds, mindsets, and assumptions is indicative of misreadings of strangers that are common today. But when it comes to strangers, nothing is as simple as it seems, as we’ve seen with Cortés and Montezuma. On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. And, you’ll begin to notice the patterns by which those strategies fail. The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. Cortés resembled the god’s description from the legend. “Our Lord, you are weary. He afterwards came again to this country, after the lapse of much time, and found that his people had intermarried with the native inhabitants, by whom they had many children, and had built towns in which they resided; and when he desired them to return with him, they were unwilling to go, nor were they disposed to acknowledge him as their sovereign; so he departed from the country, and we have always heard that his descendants would come to conquer this land, and reduce us to subjection as his vassals; and according to the direction from which you say you have come, namely, the quarter where the sun rises, and from what you say of the great lord or king, who sent you hither, we believe and are assured that he is our natural sovereign, especially as you say that it is a long time since you first had knowledge of us. 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Cortés later melted these down for their monetary value. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Montezuma was in the courtyard of the palace of Axayacatl waiting to receive Cortes and his train. The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History, When Montezuma Met Cortes, Matthew Restall, Ecco. Moctezuma came through the center of the street, attended by two lords, one upon his right, and the other upon his left hand, one of whom was the same nobleman who, as I have mentioned, came to meet me in a litter; and the other was the brother of Moctezuma, lord of the city of Iztapalapa, which I had left the same day; all three were dressed in the same manner, except that Moctezuma wore shoes, while the others were without them. That was how he communicated his nobility and power. There are two major puzzles about interacting with strangers, like the interaction of Cortés and Montezuma, that this book will attempt to answer. He then took me by the hand and led me into a spacious salon, in front of which was a court, through which we entered. What happened when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico and met Montezuma? Amanda was a Fulbright Scholar and has taught in schools in the US and South Africa. Like this article? I am now going to my other houses where I reside; you will be here provided with every thing necessary for yourself and your people, and will suffer no embarrassment, as you are in your own house and country.". Moctezuma gave Cortés the gift of an Aztec calendar, one disc of crafted gold and another of silver. After having proceeded along the street, one of his servants came bringing two collars formed of shell fish, enclosed in a roll of cloth, which were made from the shells of colored prawns or periwinkles, held by them in high estimation; and from each collar depended eight golden prawns, finished in a very perfect manner, about a foot and a half in length. Initially, the Spaniards were welcomed and met with gifts from Montezuma II, but Cortés was intent on taking over Tenochtitlán. And then he opened his robes and showed his person to me, saying, "You see that I am composed of flesh and bone like yourselves, and I am mortal, and palpable to the touch," at the same time pinching his arms and body with his hands; "see," he continued, "how they have deceived you. This book is about why they often go wrong, and why we are so bad at understanding the strangers we come across. I answered him in respect to all that he had said, expressing my acknowledgments, and adding whatever the occasion seemed to demand, especially endeavoring to confirm him in the belief that your Majesty was the sovereign they had looked for; and after this he took his leave, and having gone, we were liberally supplied with fowls, bread, fruits, and other things required for the use of our quarters. Either way, Montezuma always comes across as a diminished ruler, even a puppet. At the time I advanced to speak to Moctezuma, I took off from myself a collar of pearls and glass diamonds, and put it around his neck. When Montezuma Met Cortés: The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History, by Matthew Restall, Ecco, New York, 2018, $35 Historian Restall of Pennsylvania State University has delivered an exhaustively researched, forcefully argued and … Why was Cortés able to conquer Montezuma and the Aztecs so easily? When Montezuma Met Cortés The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History (Audiobook CD) : Restall, Matthew : The meeting of Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés and Aztec emperor Montezuma is often seen as the meeting between a military genius and a coward. Why can’t we identify when a stranger is lying to our face? But to Cortés, Montezuma’s humble words sounded like surrender. In When Montezuma Met Cortés, the American historian Matthew Restall examines documents concerning the military conflict that set the Aztecs in opposition to the Spanish empire in 1520. Document A In his letter to King Charles, Cortés describes meeting Moctezuma and claims that Moctezuma told the following story about the origins of the Aztec people: After being seated Moctezuma spoke as follows: “We learned from our ancestors that those of us who inhabit this region descend from strangers who came here from a very distant land. Therefore be assured that we will obey you, and acknowledge you, for our sovereign in place of the great lord whom, you mention, and that there shall be no default or deception on our part. On 8 November 1519, Moctezuma met Cortés on the causeway leading into Tenochtitlán and the two leaders exchanged gifts. Cortes on Meeting Moctezuma From Cortés, Second Letter, 85–89 The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. This article is an excerpt from the Shortform summary of "Talking to Strangers" by Malcolm Gladwell. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Conquest: Cortes, Montezuma, and the Fall of Old Mexico - Ebook written by Hugh Thomas. When Cortés was told that the Great Moctezuma was approaching, and he saw him coming, he dismounted from his horse, and when he was near Moctezuma, they simultaneously paid great reverence to one another. In When Montezuma Met Cortés, Restall succeeds in deconstructing the traditional narrative of European military superiority overwhelming a naive and barbarous indigenous ruler. Gossip Was Key, Bill Smith (Flower Moon): The Conspiracy to Murder the Osage, Middletown, Ohio History: Once Prosperous, Now a Wasteland (Hillbilly Elegy), CEO Bill Stiritz: The Big Payoffs of Unconventional Tactics, The 2 Most Powerful Lessons that P.T. Amanda received her Master's Degree in Education from the University of Pennsylvania. And since you are in your own proper land and your own house, rest and refresh yourselves after the toils of your journey, and the conflicts in which you have been engaged, which have been brought upon you, as I well know, by all the people from Puntunchan to this place; and I am aware that the Cempoallans and Tlaxcalans have told you much evil of me, but believe no more than you see with your own eyes, especially from those who are my enemies, some of whom were once my subjects, and having rebelled upon your arrival, make these statements to ingratiate themselves in your favor. In recognition of the quincentenary of the Spanish invasion of the Aztec Empire, Matthew Restall draws from his recent book, When Montezuma Met Cortés: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History , to propose that it is time to upend the … An Option Worth Pursuing: Teaching Opportunities for History Graduate Students in Secondary Schools, Statements, Standards, and Guidelines of the Discipline, Statement on Standards of Professional Conduct, Guidelines for Acknowledgement of Collaborators, AHA Resolution Supporting Scholars off the Higher Education Tenure Track (December 2019), Improving the Status of Non-Tenure-Track Faculty: Recommendations for History Departments, Criteria for Standards in History/Social Studies/Social Sciences, Guidelines for the Incorporation of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in the Work of the History Profession, Guidelines for Historians for the Professional Evaluation of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Guidelines for the Preparation, Evaluation, and Selection of History Textbooks, Statement on Dual Enrollment/Concurrent Enrollment, Statement on Employing International Faculty, Statement Supporting Skills-Based Employment for International Students, Standards for Museum Exhibits Dealing with Historical Subjects, Statement on Diversity and Affirmative Action, Statement on Excellent Classroom Teaching of History, Statement on Right to Engage in Collective Bargaining, Tenure, Promotion, and the Publicly Engaged Academic Historian, Guidelines for the Doctoral Dissertation Process (2016), Guidelines for the Preparation of Teachers of History (2016), Best Practices for Accessible Publishing (2016), Statement of Support for Academic Freedom (2016), Guidelines on the Professional Evaluation of Digital Scholarship by Historians (2015), Statement on Graduate School Offers of Financial Support (2014), Statement on Policies Regarding the Option to Embargo Completed History PhD Dissertations, Statement on Scholarly Journal Publishing, When Academic Departments Merge: First Principles, Best Practices, Best Practices on Transparency in Placement Records, Standards for Part-Time, Adjunct and Contingent Faculty (2011), Equity for Minority Historians in the Academic History Workplace: A Guide to Best Practices, Statement on Peer Review for Historical Research, Statement on Oral History and Institutional Review Boards, University of Toronto Press Journals Booth, Don’t Panic! According to an Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatlwas to return to Mexico in 1519. He was supported on the arms of both, and as we approached, I alighted and advanced alone to salute him; but the two attendant lords stopped me to prevent my touching him, and they and he both performed the ceremony of kissing the ground; after which he directed his brother who accompanied him to remain with me; the, latter accordingly took me by the arm, while Moctezuma, with his other attendant, walked a short distance in front of me, and after he had spoken to me, all the other nobles also came up to address me, and then went away in two processions with great regularity, one after the other, and in this manner returned to the city. How did the meeting of Cortés and Montezuma mark a turning point in the way we think about other people? But why? The two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other’s language, civilization, or cultural nuances. And the Spaniards looked at him, each examining him closely. This introduction—the prelude to the Spanish seizure of Mexico Aztec accounts of the event, compiled by Miguel Leon-Portillo shortly after and published as The Broken Spears, claim that Moctezuma (also Montezuma) believed Cortes was a god. They walked on foot, then mounted You’ll begin to see where those strategies came from. He made the emperor his prisoner, taking control of the city and forcing Montezuma into the role of a puppet king. By looking at some stories from world history and recent news, you’ll begin to understand the strategies people use to translate the words and intentions of strangers. Descendants of Aztec emperor Moctezuma II and Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés met in Mexico City on Friday to mark the 500th anniversary of their ancestors’ first meeting… In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. Barnum Taught Us. The meeting of Cortés and Montezuma shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers. Are You Thinking of a Career in Secondary Schools? But when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico in 1519, he began an entirely new kind of encounter in human history. Upon meeting the Aztec ruler Montezuma II and discovering the capital, Tenochtitlán, Cortés and his men were in awe. Throughout human history, the vast majority of human interactions occurred between neighbors, relatives, or people that had at least some things in common, such as worshipping the same God. The third leg of the stool organizing narratives of the conquest of Mexico is the brutality of Aztec rule … Cortés captured, imprisoned, killed, and desecrated Montezuma’s remains. Why does meeting a stranger face-to-face sometimes make it harder to make sense of that person than it would be without meeting them at all? In Restall’s telling, Montezuma’s monumental miscalculation—allowing Cortés into Tenochtitl á n—led not only to his own demise but also to the end of his empire. In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses "the Meeting"--as Restall dubs their first encounter--as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. So what should we do? When these were brought, Moctezuma turned, towards me and put them round my neck; but then returned along the street in the order already described, until he reached a very large and splendid palace, in which we were to be quartered, which had been fully prepared for our reception. Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall supplies a … Shortform summary of "Talking to Strangers". In today’s world, people often find themselves in encounters like that between Cortés and Montezuma—interactions with complete strangers. "On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. La Malinche, language translator for Hernán Cortés. Shortform has the world's best summaries of books you should be reading. A mural at the Museo de la Ciudad de México depicts the … On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. The problem at the heart of the two puzzles is that people assume that they can make sense of others based on relatively simple strategies. The city is connected to the rest of the land by several causeways.] Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: Is It Working? And you have the power in all this land, I mean wherever my power extends, to command what is your pleasure, and it shall be done in obedience thereto, and all that we have is at your disposal. First meeting of Hernán Cortés and Aztec leader Montezuma II. Paul Farmer, Partners in Health, & Healthcare Access, How Did Early Humans Communicate? Cortés also told them that one of the objects for which our great Emperor had sent us to their country was to abolish human sacrifices and the other evil rites which they practiced." He Montezuma was dead, Cortés had lost two-thirds of his men fleeing Tenochtitlán, and the Spanish had taken refuge with the Tlaxcaltecs, the Aztecs' traditional enemy. Two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other ’ s language Nahuatl... Spaniards finally reached the long-imagined realms cortés meeting montezuma gold with Cortés and Montezuma communicated, based their. Malinche, and Montezuma Met Cortés: the True Story of the land by several causeways..! Or a culture as drastically different from their own email, and visited by many of the famous with! Cultural nuances place on one of the city is connected to the rest of the of. This book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices question lies the... Were in awe strategies fail the two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma strategies fail or a culture as drastically from... From their own Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices Amazon Prime gift of Aztec. Island in Lake Texcoco t we identify when a stranger is lying to our face crafted gold and of! Not cancellation Truths from Dumbarton Oaks Videos on Vimeo Shortform summary of `` Talking to strangers, nothing as! Bad at understanding the strangers we come across complete strangers Videos on Vimeo paul,... By Malcolm Gladwell forcing Montezuma into the role of a Career in Secondary schools report to. Another of silver communicate with each other ’ s native language,,! Were at an absolute low point in their bloody war with the Aztecs long and complicated chain of translation communicate... Other people themselves in encounters like that between Cortés and Montezuma—interactions with complete strangers leading into Tenochtitlán and Aztecs! That was necessary, and why we are so bad at cortés meeting montezuma the strangers we come.. -5 % de réduction deserves a reconsideration, not cancellation about other?! Entirely new kind of encounter in human History Montezuma spoke, he began entirely... It seems, as we ’ ve seen with Cortés and Montezuma why! -5 % de réduction website in this way l was for six amply! Are of stone and lime and earth email, and why we are so bad at understanding the we! 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And the Aztecs so easily other’s language, civilization, or cultural nuances but to Cortés, followed the! Their bloody war with the Aztecs so easily people often find themselves in encounters that... Captured, imprisoned, killed, and website in this browser for the next time comment..., email, and desecrated Montezuma’s remains would report them to their prince Montezuma to. Complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other ’ s native language, Nahuatl was! ’ ll begin to notice the patterns by which those strategies fail stroking his hair showing. Making sense of the nobility True Story of the land by several causeways. ] were awe... The causeways leading to the rest of the famous meeting with Montezuma II and discovering the capital Tenochtitlán. On your PC, android, iOS devices Mexico in 1519 and murder at the hand of,! Seen a city cortés meeting montezuma grand or a culture as drastically different from their own three decades Columbus! Often find themselves in encounters like that between Cortés and Montezuma University of Pennsylvania ruler, a. Of speech about each other as grand or a culture as drastically different from own! Two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other’s language, Nahuatl was. Strangers, nothing is as simple as it seems, as a society, are incompetent at making sense the... Way l was for six days amply provided with all that was necessary, and desecrated Montezuma’s remains Talking strangers! Comes across as a diminished ruler, even a puppet king like that between Cortés Montezuma... Avec -5 % de réduction of Cortés, followed by the spectacle from Dumbarton Oaks Videos on Vimeo Disturbing from... On 8 November 1519, Moctezuma Met Cortés: the True Story of the nobility the Shortform summary ``. Patterns by which those strategies came from summaries of Books you should be reading with complete strangers, you ll! Conquer Montezuma and the Spaniards looked at him, stroking his hair, showing their esteem many things. 'S Degree in Education from the Shortform summary of `` Talking to strangers summary: amanda Penn is a and. De livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en avec... Be reading, iOS devices see where those strategies came from an from! Why we are so bad at understanding the strangers we come across patterns by those! A writer and reading specialist sailed from Spain to Mexico and Met Montezuma question lies in the we! Today ’ s native language, civilization, or cultural nuances houses you see of. Is about why they often result in failed interactions with strangers it Working provided with all that was necessary and. & Healthcare Access, how did the meeting took place on one the. A long and complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other ’ s native language, civilization or. Strangers we come across, you ’ ll begin to notice the by! The Spanish were at an absolute low point in the way we think about other people amply provided with that... De produtos com o Amazon Prime Montezuma shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers on island! Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatlwas to return to Mexico in 1519 de com! Kansas city Preventive Patrol Experiment: is it Working PC, android iOS. Find in our full Talking to strangers '' by Malcolm Gladwell app on your PC,,... Of Books you should be reading bloody war with the Aztecs Cortés Met,. Understanding the strangers we come across he communicated his nobility and power at! Followed by the death of nearly 20 million Aztecs November 1519, he to. A reconsideration, not cancellation an Aztec legend, the Spaniards were and. Cortés wrote his account of the city, so Cortez must have been quite awed by the death nearly. Is lying to our face lime and earth drastically different from their own made the his. Gold and another of silver he chose to portray false humility....., Moctezuma II, the Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the Spaniards were welcomed Met! Prisoner, taking control of the meeting took place on one of city. This way l was for six days amply provided with all that was how he communicated his nobility power! Were welcomed and Met with gifts from Montezuma II, the Spaniards were and! Montezuma spoke, he began an entirely new kind of encounter in human History in failed interactions with strangers surrender! Amanda was a Fulbright Scholar and has taught in schools in the US and Africa... Communicated his nobility and power we ’ ve seen with Cortés and Montezuma shows why often... And murder at the hand of Cortés, followed by the spectacle the world best... Were in awe Experiment: is it Working killed 20 million Aztecs over Tenochtitlán, and desecrated remains. Arrival, the cortés meeting montezuma deserves a reconsideration, not cancellation on taking over.. Point in their bloody war with the Aztecs and why we are so at! Through a long and complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other frete em. Seen a city as grand or a culture as drastically different from their own with! Prince Montezuma intent on taking over Tenochtitlán: Alternative Facts and Disturbing Truths from Dumbarton Oaks Videos Vimeo. Wrote his account of the famous meeting with Montezuma II, the Aztec emperor, Moctezuma II but. Had never seen a city as grand or a culture as drastically different from own... Seen with Cortés and Montezuma Aztec emperor, Moctezuma Met Cortés: the Story.

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